Many tech workers quit their jobs during the pandemic, part of the wave known as the Great Resignation. But some, it turned out, didn’t so much leave the work force as change their relationship to it, deciding that rather than commit to being an employee of one company, they could “rent” their skills to many.
Adam Grant, an organizational psychologist at Wharton, said not everyone is going to work this way. But for workers in the subset of the economy who want the flexibility and freedom to make their own schedules and choose whom they work with, collaborating with others in remote teams can feel more secure than being on your own.
It’s part of the “universal human quest,” according to Mr. Grant, to say, “I want to be unique, but I also want to belong.”
Mr. Grant has been interested in teams for quite some time. He’s written several books on the data and science behind the motivations that drive people and organizations. In 2018, he met Raphael Ouzan, an entrepreneur who was starting to notice that many of his peers were looking to escape rigid work structures that wouldn’t allow them to choose their collaborators or projects. The two kept in touch.
The gig economy was by then firmly entrenched, but most of the opportunities in that economy, whether working with Uber, DoorDash, Upwork or Fiverr, involved short-term, simple tasks.
“The system is very commoditizing,” Mr. Ouzan said. “There wasn’t much out there for people who want to pursue a craft with autonomy.”
In 2020, Mr. Ouzan helped start A. Team, a members-only platform for companies and those it calls “product builders,” or people who help develop software. Mr. Ouzan believes “cloud-based teams” can quickly integrate into any company, no matter where they are in the world, and represent the next generation of the gig economy.
A. Team now has 4,000 tech workers and over 200 companies on its platform. The company announced on Tuesday that it raised $55 million in funding in a round led by Tiger Global Management, Insight Partners and Spruce Capital Partners. Additional investments came from Jay-Z’s company Rocnation; the founders of CAA, Apollo and Fiverr; and Mr. Grant.
“So many of the greatest achievements in human history are attributed to groups of people, but also our biggest frustrations are when we’re working in teams of people,” Mr. Grant said. “I’ve been anticipating for years that the future of work would have more opportunities, especially for people in the knowledge and creator economies, to be freelance but have a structure behind that freelance.”
The pandemic has changed a lot about how we work, Mr. Grant said, and “a possible silver lining of Covid is we’ve been forced to be more thoughtful and more intentional about our collaborations.”
Amélie Beurrier, a product manager and designer, is one of those workers Mr. Grant is referring to. She has worked for start-ups and bigger companies like Amazon, but what she most enjoys is the freedom of working for herself while in teams with others. A little less than a year ago, she heard about A. Team from a friend and decided to apply to the platform. (A. Team has an application process that includes “technical interviews and algorithmic evaluation,” the company said in a statement, and members are “constantly evaluated” as they work on projects.)
Angelo Stracquatanio, the chief executive of Apprentice, which develops software for life sciences, turned to A. Team during the pandemic when his company needed to ramp up quickly. It gave him access to “20-plus engineers pretty much overnight,” he said.